What are the four tiers of the wedding cake model of criminal justice and how is discretion by criminal justice officials used differently at each stage?
The theory divides the proceedings in the criminal justice system into four different categories: celebrated cases, serious felonies, lesser felonies and misdemeanors. Criminal justice officials handle individual cases differently, but there is a high level of consistency.
What does the criminal justice wedding cake model of justice demonstrate?
The wedding cake model shows that often public opinion about criminal justice is formed on the the basis of what happened in an atypical case. … proactive policing. an aggressive law enforcement style in which patrol officers take the initiative against crime instead of waiting for criminal acts to occur.
What are the 4 areas of criminal justice?
The adult criminal justice system is comprised of four components; legislation, law enforcement, courts, and corrections. Each of these four components is comprised of subcomponents.
What are celebrated cases in the wedding cake model?
Wedding Cake Theory
Celebrated cases are those involving the rich, famous, or those individuals with a high media profile.
What layer of criminal justice is the wedding cake?
The wedding cake model theory divides the criminal justice system into into four layers: celebrated cases, serious felonies, lesser felonies and misdemeanors.
How many layers are there on the criminal justice wedding cake quizlet?
The “Wedding Cake” model is a model of the criminal justice process whereby a four-tiered hierarchy exists, with a few celebrated cased to at the top, and lower tiers increasing in size as the severity of cases becomes less (serious felonies, felonies, and misdemeanors).
Which layer of the wedding cake model of crime do most criminal matters occur?
In the criminal justice system, the bottom layer of the model would represent the most significant number of cases handled by the system, which often includes misdemeanors and traffic violations.
What justice historian describes the informal justice process as the four layer cake?
The “wedding cake” model of justice–Samuel Walker describes the informal criminal justice process as a four-layer cake.
Which offenses would be placed on the second layer of the wedding cake model of justice?
Which offenses would be placed on the second layer of the wedding cake model of justice? Robberies involving large amounts of money taken by a weapon-wielding criminal.
What are the four purpose of criminal justice system?
Four major goals are usually attributed to the sentencing process: retribution, rehabilitation, deterrence, and incapacitation.
What are the 5 stages of the criminal justice system?
The five (5) basic steps of a criminal proceeding are the:
- Preliminary hearing.
- Grand jury investigation.
- Arraignment in Criminal Court.
- Trial by jury.
What are the 3 main components of the criminal justice system?
THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM CONSISTS OF THE POLICE, THE COURTS, AND CORRECTIONS.