Which subset of forensic botany studies pollen and spores?

What type of evidence is pollen?

Pollen and spores are ideal forensic trace materials because the grains are small, highly variable, and found on almost any item that has been exposed to or comes in contact with the air (Milne et al. 2005). Transfers can occur between people, plants, and objects or a combination of contact between these things.

What is pollen forensic science?

Forensic palynology is a subdiscipline of palynology (the study of pollen grains, spores, etc.), that aims to prove or disprove a relationship among objects, people, and places that may pertain to both criminal and civil cases.

Do use of both pollen and spores in forensic studies is based on?

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When environmental conditions are harsh, some bacteria form thick-walled, resistant spores. The use of both pollen and spores in forensic studies is based upon the idea that pollen may link a particular item to a specific place and time.

What is the study of forensic palynology?

Forensic palynology is the application of pollen and spores in solving legal issues, either civil or criminal. Pollen and spores can be obtained from an extremely wide range of items, including bodies.

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What is forensic paleontology?

Forensic paleontology has been defined as “the use of paleontology as a scientific tool available both to law enforcement officers and to judges and defending counsels (Sacchi and Nicosia 2013) .” This field appears to overlap with forensic archeology, forensic geosciences, and forensic biology. …

How is pollen used in forensic science?

Pollen was one of the lines of evidence used to trace bodies to their original burial sites. … Traditionally, forensic palynology is done by examining pollen grains under a microscope and comparing them to known pollen morphology.

What information can an investigator infer if he or she finds pollen or spores on the victim’s body?

Locard’s principle applies to how pollen is used in forensic cases because pollen can be used as trace evidence to figure out where a crime occurred. For example if a girl died on a cornfield, forensic scientists would be able to figure out where the girl died based on the pollen found on her body.

What is spore evidence?

The study of pollen, spores and other acid-resistant microscopic plant bodies, including dinoflagellates, to prove or disprove a relationship between objects, people and places that pertain to both criminal and civil cases. … Why is spore evidence sometimes less valueble in forensics investigation?