What is alteration in forensic?

What are the kinds of alteration?

Alterations include erasures, charring, indented writing, additional markings, as well as obliterations, while obliterations are the overwriting of text with another substance.

What is alteration in document?

Alteration is defined as any change to a document which gives it a different effect from that it originally possessed. If change is made after execution of a document and without the consent of the other party or concerned person, then such change is called fraudulent alteration.

In what ways can a document be altered forensics?

Forensic document examiners are often called upon to determine whether questioned documents have been augmented or altered for fraudulent purposes. Documents may be altered by erasing or obscuring writing, or by changing, extending, or adding text or signatures.

What are the three procedures in document handwriting examination?

Forensic examination and comparison of handwriting, which includes hand printing and signatures, is based on three main principles: (1) Given a sufficient amount of handwriting, no two skilled writers exhibit identical handwriting features; (2) every person has a range of natural variation to his or her writing; (3) no

What is alteration example?

The definition of an alteration is a revision. Remodeling a house is an example of an alteration.

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What is obliteration in question document?

The obliterated writing is writing that has been obscured or removed by deliberately overwritten or masked using different colored writing instruments of varying ink. The decipherment of such obliterated writing is an important and difficult task for forensic document examiners.

What does being altered mean?

Something altered is changed. … Altered behavior is behavior you have changed, like the altered habits of your housebroken dog. Altered comes from the Medieval Latin alterare, or “to change.”

What is it called when you alter a legal document?

Altering documents after signing can lead to numerous consequences. Faking a signature without permission, making a false document, or changing an existing document are all considered to be a forgery. Forgery is a crime and punishable by law.

Why is handwriting identifiable?

Writing skills take a long time to develop in a person and as such they tend to exert a strong influence on the writing of an individual. It is difficult to change movements quickly in order to create different style letters. It is for these reasons that the handwriting of a mature individual is identifiable.

What is the process of handwriting examination?

The Process

Handwriting analysis involves a comprehensive comparative analysis between a questioned document and known handwriting of a suspected writer. Specific habits, characteristics, and individualities of both the questioned document and the known specimen are examined for similarities and differences.