What are the major body fluids besides blood that need to be identified in a forensic lab?
Peripheral blood, menstrual blood, semen, saliva and vaginal secretions are the five most common body fluids found at crime scenes, and the identification of these five body fluids is of great significance to the reconstruction of a crime scene and resolution of the case.
What three other bodily fluids are studied in the field of serology besides blood?
Forensic serology thus is the study and examination of body fluids such as blood, semen, sweat, urine, saliva, fecal matter, and other fluids mainly for identification purposes in criminal/medicolegal investigations.
What are the 5 body fluids?
A short list of bodily fluids includes:
- Blood. Blood plays a major role in the body’s defense against infection by carrying waste away from our cells and flushing them out of the body in urine, feces, and sweat. …
- Saliva. …
- Semen. …
- Vaginal fluids. …
- Mucus. …
How are body fluids identified at a crime scene?
Other common body fluids for which presumptive identification methods are routinely employed include blood and saliva. … Such methods are typically based on the detection of hemoglobin (blood) through a phenolphthalein (Kastle-Meyer) test and the detection of saliva through an α-amylase test.
What bodily fluids contain DNA?
DNA is contained in blood, semen, skin cells, tissue, organs, muscle, brain cells, bone, teeth, hair, saliva, mucus, perspiration, fingernails, urine, feces, etc.
What are the types of body fluids?
Biological fluids include blood, urine, semen (seminal fluid), vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), synovial fluid, pleural fluid (pleural lavage), pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva, nasal fluid, otic fluid, gastric fluid, breast milk, as well as cell culture supernatants.
What are the most commonly tested body fluids?
Some of the most common body fluids that are tested are:
- Peritoneal fluid in the space (peritoneum) between membranes that line the belly.
- Pericardial fluid in the sac (pericardium) that surrounds the heart.
- Pleural fluid in the space between the membranes that separate the chest and the lungs.
What are the 26 fluids in the body?
It makes up about 26% of the total body water composition in humans. Intravascular fluid (blood plasma), interstitial fluid, lymph and transcellular fluid make up the extracellular fluid.
- amniotic fluid.
- aqueous humour.
- blood plasma.
- breast milk.
- cerebrospinal fluid.
What are the 4 bodily fluids?
The four humors, or fluid substances, of the body were blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm.
What’s another word for bodily fluid?
What is another word for body fluid?