How do arrests by police impact the criminal court process quizlet?

How do arrests by police impact the criminal court process group of answer choices?

Arrests made by the police impact the criminal court process in two ways: (1) if the police fail to gather enough evidence, it will be difficult for the police to gain a conviction, and (2) the increase in the number of arrests has swollen the dockets of the courts. You just studied 10 terms!

Which jurisdiction use grand juries extensively quizlet?

grand juries are used extensively in jurisdictions where the constitution requires a grand jury indictment in all felonies. In jurisdictions that do not have this constitutinal requirement grand jurt indictments are required in only select offenses.

Which approach to criminal justice emphasizes that during the preliminary hearing the judge decides if there is probable cause to hold a defendant?

The law on the books approach to criminal justice emphasizes that during the preliminary hearing the judge decides whether there is probable cause not hold the defendant, while the law in action perspective emphasizes that in most jurisdictions there i s a strong probability that the case will proceed.

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Why might Smith’s conviction be overturned?

The jury quickly returned guilty verdicts for kidnapping and rape. Why might Smith’s conviction be overturned? He was not given advice about his constitutional rights. … Grand juries decide the guilt or innocence for defendants charged with felony offenses.

What are the steps to the criminal justice process?

Steps in the criminal justice process

  1. Investigation of a crime by the police. …
  2. Arrest of a suspect by the police. …
  3. Prosecution of a criminal defendant by a district attorney. …
  4. Indictment by a grand jury or the filing of an information by a prosecutor. …
  5. Arraignment by a judge. …
  6. Pretrial detention and/or bail.

What are the four charging documents?

Complaints, informations, and indictments are charging documents.

What plea has the same consequences in criminal court as a guilty plea?

A guilty plea is an admission of guilt, while a no contest plea means that the defendant is not contesting the charge. The result is largely the same, since the defendant will have a conviction on their record either way.

What is the wedding cake model?

The wedding cake model of criminal justice is a model of the criminal justice process whereby a four-tiered hierarchy exists, with a few celebrated cases at the top, and lower tiers increasing in size as the severity of cases become less (serious felonies, felonies, and misdemeanors).

Which approach to criminal justice emphasizes that during the preliminary?

The law on the books approach to criminal justice emphasizes that during the preliminary hearing the judge decides whether there is probable cause not hold the defendant, while the law in action perspective emphasizes that in most jurisdictions there i s a strong probability that the case will proceed.

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What are three organizational considerations that may influence a judge’s sentencing decision?

Plea Bargains, prison overcrowding, and the costs of the sentence versus the benefits derived from it.

What is the main priority of justice reinvestment?

Justice reinvestment emphasizes the use of alternative sanctions, rather than incarceration, for nonviolent offenders.