What are the four tiers of the wedding cake model of criminal justice and how is discretion by criminal justice officials used differently at each stage?
The theory divides the proceedings in the criminal justice system into four different categories: celebrated cases, serious felonies, lesser felonies and misdemeanors. Criminal justice officials handle individual cases differently, but there is a high level of consistency.
What are the 4 systems of criminal justice?
The adult criminal justice system is comprised of four components; legislation, law enforcement, courts, and corrections. Each of these four components is comprised of subcomponents.
What is the major premise of the wedding cake model?
The “Wedding Cake” model is a model of the criminal justice process whereby a four-tiered hierarchy exists, with a few celebrated cased to at the top, and lower tiers increasing in size as the severity of cases becomes less (serious felonies, felonies, and misdemeanors).
Which layer of the criminal justice wedding cake do the majority of cases fall under?
In the criminal justice system, the bottom layer of the model would represent the most significant number of cases handled by the system, which often includes misdemeanors and traffic violations.
What is wedding cake model?
The wedding cake model of criminal justice is a model of the criminal justice process whereby a four-tiered hierarchy exists, with a few celebrated cases at the top, and lower tiers increasing in size as the severity of cases become less (serious felonies, felonies, and misdemeanors).
What justice historian describes the informal justice process as the four layer cake?
The “wedding cake” model of justice–Samuel Walker describes the informal criminal justice process as a four-layer cake.
What are the four purpose of criminal justice system?
Four major goals are usually attributed to the sentencing process: retribution, rehabilitation, deterrence, and incapacitation.
What are the 5 stages of the criminal justice system?
The five (5) basic steps of a criminal proceeding are the:
- Preliminary hearing.
- Grand jury investigation.
- Arraignment in Criminal Court.
- Trial by jury.
Which layer of the criminal justice Wedding Cake involves celebrated cases resulting in a jury trial that are highly unusual with great public attention?
The top layer of the wedding cake model theory of criminal justice includes the celebrated cases. These types of cases garner a great deal of media attention because the crimes are unusual or because the defendants are celebrities or high-ranking officials.