Why do we need to apply different methods of documenting the crime scene?
One of the most important of these is documenting the crime scene. … When developing a plan of action to identify and gather evidence from any crime scene, the crime scene investigator must follow departmental procedures and protocol in order to assure that all collected evidence will be admissible in a court of law.
What are 4 methods of documenting a crime scene?
There are several methods of documentation: Notes, photography, sketches, and video are all important. Note taking is one of the most important parts of processing the crime scene.
What 5 pieces of documentation are a part of every crime scene?
We use a narrative section of the report divided it into 5 categories. The categories are summary, scene (including a detailed body description if in a death investigation), processing, evidence collected, and pending. The summary would basically give the details of how we were initiated into the investigation.
Why is it important to document evidence?
The most important element of any criminal proceedings is evidence. Therefore, correct documenting (securing) evidence determines the proceedings.
Why is recording a crime scene accurately important?
Videotaping is valuable for showing an overview of the crime scene and should be considered in major cases. While video cannot replace still photographs due to its lower resolution, videotaping does provide an easily understandable viewing medium that shows the layout of the crime scene and the location of evidence.
Why is circumstantial evidence important?
Circumstantial evidence allows a trier of fact to infer that a fact exists. In criminal law, the inference is made by the trier of fact to support the truth of an assertion (of guilt or absence of guilt). Reasonable doubt is tied into circumstantial evidence as that evidence relies on inference.
What is the goal of crime scene documentation?
The goal of crime-scene documentation is to create a visual record that will allow the forensics lab and the prosecuting attorney to easily recreate an accurate view of the scene.
What do recorders do at a crime scene?
The recorder will need to obtain which photographic information from the crime scene was taken by the photographer. This can include photographic shots of the body, evidence (e.g. the murder weapon), and pictures of the entire scene with reference points included.
Why is a crime scene sketch essential during scene documentation?
Why is a sketch important to crime scene documentation? It accurately portrays the physical facts. It relates to the sequence of events at the scene. It establishes the precise location and relationship of objects and evidence at the scene.
What is document evidence at a crime scene?
Crime scene investigators collect evidence such as fingerprints, footprints, tire tracks, blood and other body fluids, hairs, fibers and fire debris. NIJ funds projects to improve: Identification of blood and other body fluids at the scene.
Why is evidence collected after observation and documentation phases of processing?
Because of its intrusive nature, any physical search of the scene always follows initial documentation efforts. Physical collection of items in the scene is always an intrusive process. … Unless dealing with fragile evidence, the technician always collects evidence after the observation and documentation phases.
What are the three different types of controls to be in place every crime scene?
These are the pre-crime stage, the criminal event stage, and the post-crime stage. These three stages of crime can also mean there could be other locations outside the immediately crime scene area where criminal activities might have also taken place and evidence might be found.